|Your tour should begin from Castle Square (Plac Zamkowy) which, drawing the boundary between the chaotic traffic area of Warsaw and its pedestrian area, draws also the boundary between the XX century and the fascination of the past centuries.|
In the centre of the square there is "King Sigismund's Column" (Kolumna Zygmunta)
built in 1644 in Sigismund III Vasa's honour, the king of Poland and Sweden who, at the
beginning of the XVII century, transferred the capital of the country from Cracow to Warsaw.
The square took its present shape in the XIX century when the fortified city walls were demolished; on its left you can see the remains of the city walls, some of them dating back to the XIV century.
|The Royal Castle (Zamek Krolewski),whose history dates back to the XIV century, rises on the east side of the square. It was a wooden stronghold built by the Dukes of Mazovia, later rebuilt in brick. During the centuries the Castle was used as seat of kings, of the Sejm and was also used by Tsars. In 1918 it became the residence of the President of the Republic. Completely destroyed by the Nazis after the Warsaw Uprising in 1944, it is now, after the magnificent reconstruction in the seventies, a museum open to the public with guided tour in English too.|
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